Research Highlight

HIV co-infections in eastern India

doi:10.1038/nindia.2011.63 Published online 30 April 2011

The most common co-infections among HIV patients in eastern India have been found to be oral candidiasis (OC), chronic diarrhoea (CD), herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2), TB, cytomegalovirus(CMV), hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) in that order.

The study, conducted among HIV patients in one hospital of Kolkata, provides a picture on infections among HIV seropositive individuals to help shape public health policies.

Dual and triple infections were also common.

The study, however, had a few limitations. The prevalence rate could not be deducted from these findings as they were solely from one hospital and not from a general population. Also, it wasn't possible to assess multiple drug resistant strains present among the tuberculosis patients.

The researchers emphasised the need to interpret the scientific findings into sustainable prevention programmes and improve public health policy.


  1. Saha, K. et al. Recent pattern of Co-infection amongst HIV seropositive individuals in tertiary care hospital, Kolkata. Virol. J., doi: 10.1186/1743-422X-8-116 (2011)